Men experiencing a condition called vital exhaustion are more likely to have a heart attack, according to a new study recently presented at the ESC Acute CardioVascular Care 2021, an online scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).
Vital exhaustionTrusted Source refers to excessive fatigue, feelings of demoralization, and increased irritability.
“Overall, 67 percent of the men had vital exhaustion, [and] 15 percent had a high level,” study author Dmitriy Panov, PhD, from the Institute of Cytology and Genetics in Novosibirsk, Russia, told Healthline. “Gender differences in response features to distress and the manifestation of VE are especially important.”
He also explained that, despite the fact that the “frequency of negative effects” is higher among women, his research finds the association of vital exhaustion with cardiovascular events is still more common among men.
Panov’s research investigated the relationship between vital exhaustion and heart attack risk in men without a prior history of cardiovascular disease.
The study used data from the World Health Organization (WHO) MONICA projectTrusted Source. A representative sample of 657 men in Novosibirsk, Russia, were registered for this research in 1994. They were 25 to 64 years old.
In the overall group, researchers analyzed the association between vital exhaustion at the start of the study and the participants’ risk for heart attack.
Compared with those who didn’t have vital exhaustion, men with moderate or high levels of vital exhaustion had a 2.7-fold increased risk of experiencing heart attack within 5 years.
They had a 2.25 higher risk of heart attack within 10 years and a slightly higher than twofold risk within 14 years.
“Overall, 67 percent of the men had vital exhaustion, [and] 15 percent had a high level,” Panov said.
He emphasized this was an epidemiological survey, and the results only covered the male part of the population.
“Our recent publications demonstrated gender disparities in prevalence and differences in effect of vital exhaustion on the cardiovascular risk, myocardial infarction, stroke, arterial hypertension,” he said.